info@mayashope.org | (347) 699-MAYA (6292)

244 Fifth Avenue, Suite D176 New York, NY 10001

Blog

Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Plain Language

The official path to this historic agreement began in 1973 when an in-depth study was launched to document where Inuit lived at the time, where their ancestors lived, how they lived, and how they traveled and hunted in the Canadian Arctic. Although the book was written specifically for the beneficiaries of the agreement, it seems to anticipate how important it is for everyone to understand the purpose and objectives of the land claim. On 88 pages (the back half of the book contains the same text in Inuit syllabary scripts), the book summarizes the 42 articles of the Nunavut Agreement (NTI prefers this term to “land claim” because the agreement is about much more than land). The agreement provided for ownership of 18 per cent of the land in Nunavut (and underground rights to two per cent of the land); a cash settlement of $1.173 billion; and the creation of a new territory in which Inuit would be in the majority. The agreement also sets out rules for wildlife management, Inuit employment, contracts and decision-making processes for major developments and who can benefit from them. It`s a strange realization, because as a journalist in Nunavut, I got used to the idea that Nunavut would be statistically worse off than anywhere else in almost every respect: murder, suicide, poverty, unemployment. These statistics are all skewed by the fact that the territory of “Nunavut” actually measures an Aboriginal homeland (and therefore a historically disadvantaged and negatively influenced region) that is simply not comparable to other provinces or territories. But even if you leave that aside, most people don`t live in a world of statistics. They live in the world of things that are really not measured: attitudes, perceptions, expectations. And in that regard, Nunavut is among the best in many ways. The introduction encourages readers to refer to the original agreement in case of confusion.

This also explains why some articles refer to things that are done rather than things that have already been done. The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA) is remarkable in many ways, but perhaps most importantly, it gave Nunavut Inuit true self-government and a distinct territory – a first in Canada. Nunavut means “our country” in Inuktitut. 10) The NLCA grants the right to negotiate with industry on the economic and social benefits in the development of non-renewable resources when Inuit own the land instead, the 42 legal articles that make up the land claims agreement are summarized in short one-page descriptions that describe the purpose of each article and why it is important. We discuss significant land claims in Canada in our courses – if you`d like to learn more about land claims and how they affect indigenous advice and engagement, contact us for more information. 2) The NLCA grants ownership of Inuit-owned land with an area of approximately 350,000 square kilometres (out of Nunavut`s total area of 1.9 million square kilometres), of which approximately 35,000 square kilometres contain mining rights By legal standards, the Nunavut land claims agreement is quite concise, but ordinary people will not find it easy to read. “This demonstrates our commitment to the beneficiaries of this agreement.” Reading the guide in plain language reminded me how radical the Nunavut land claim was and how it resets the conditions of relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. It is a common vision that must be implemented by all.

A small example: in Iqaluit, you expect to hear Inuktitut speak at public gatherings and plug in the earpiece on arrival so you don`t have to fiddle and miss the translation when this happens. In the NWT indigenous languages are spoken, but no one suspects it and trial and error on headphones always consumes the speaker`s first sentences. Find out what happens every time Monfwi MP Jackson Lafferty addresses the Tłı̨chǫ Legislative Assembly. He now indicates when he will do so – “Mr President, I will speak in my own language” – perhaps so that people are done with their useless trial and error when he gets to what he really wants to say. 9) The NLCA obtains a share of the federal government`s royalties for Nunavut Inuit from oil, gas and mineral development on Crown lands, The NLCA negotiation was a comprehensive process that spanned 20 years and took place during the term of four premiers. The Inuit negotiators did not give in once to their main goal – self-government and a territory in their own right – and were willing to sacrifice the claim instead of signing an agreement that did not contain these points. 3) The NLCA is the largest Indigenous land claim settlement in Canadian history If you live north of 60, you should really read at least one modern land claim. A simple language guide to the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement is probably the easiest place to start. In the seven years since I moved from Iqaluit to Yellowknife, I have often been impressed by the NWT`s delay. – or rather, Nunavut`s lead – in terms of Indigenous language, culture and rights.

In addition to an easy-to-use guide to the land claims agreement, the book will also look great on your coffee table. This well-written and beautifully packaged book was published in 2003 by Nunavut Tunngavik Inc., the Nunavut Land Claims Organization – five years after the founding of Nunavut and 21 years after the signing of the agreement with Nunavut. “The Inuit asked us for a simplified version of the agreement and that`s it,” reads the opening page. “Determining what`s in the agreement is the first step for anyone who wants to take advantage of their rights and benefits. The Government of Nunavut has a policy that is more likely to push Inuit businesses to win government contracts. This policy is not universally appreciated, but it is surprising that the Government of the NWT. has no such thing, despite the apparent inequality in the territory between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal groups and the fact that several land claim agreements in the NWT. require it. (Members of Parliament recently accepted this point and are considering a new procurement policy that will include Indigenous incentives.) Annotations on the edges of the entire book provide practical definitions of the technical words used in the agreement and provide updates on some of the results of the land claims agreement. Developers: RPBooks, Champlain, NY, U.S.A. Contacting the seller “Often the agreement is so difficult to interpret, sometimes even legally, that we had to understand exactly what the items meant to us and what they meant to laymen,” Kaludjak says. “Our beneficiaries have always told us that as a land claims group, we don`t reveal enough information,” said Paul Kaludjak, president of NTI.

“We hope this will provide more information about the claim itself and its intent.” Tagak Curley, from the Inuit Tapirisat of Canada, presented the study on Inuit use and occupation to the Canadian government. The study showed where Inuit lived today and where their ancestors lived. He also explained how the land is and has been used. Without this evidence, the federal government would not begin negotiating a land claim with the Inuit. Kangikhiteagumaven: A Plain Language Guide to the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Obviously, there are many reasons for all this, including the fact that Nunavut is made up of a people who share a language (albeit torn apart by dialect) that makes up the majority of Nunavummiut. The deep-rooted settler population of the NWT is a factor, as are the many indigenous languages often spoken by small populations. Another important reason why cultural and political attitudes in Iqaluit and Yellowknife are so different is that the latter capital is not currently part of a comprehensive land claim, although this will change when the Akaitcho Agreement is signed and comes into force. The 282-page agreement was ratified in November 1992, and on July 9, 1993, the agreement between Her Majesty the Queen in the Law of Canada and the Inuit of the Nunavut Settlement Region became part of Canadian law. Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI) was founded in 1993 to ensure that the promises made in the 41 sections of the NLCA are kept.

NTI board members and staff spent “a few years” reading the text of the official agreement line by line to get an accurate description of each section. Soft cover. Condition: near Fein. In English and Inuktitut. [Our scoring system: 1. Very good; 2. Near Fein; 3. Very good; 4. Good; 5. Right.]. Book. Nunavut Day, which took place on the anniversary of the signing of the agreement, was originally a paid holiday for NTI and regional Inuit associations.

It became a half-day vacation for government employees in 1999 and a full day in 2001. Most employers give a day off. Tukisittiarniqsaujumaviit? A Plain Language Guide to the Nunavut Land Claims AgreementNunavut Tunngavik Inc., 2003In English and Inuktut88 pages (x2)Contact NTI for a copy or read it here. To commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, NTI commissioned a memorial to those who had worked tirelessly for decades to realize the vision of self-government and the separate territory for Inuit. Three master sculptors, Inuk Charlie of Taloyoak, Paul Malliki of Repulse Bay and Looty Pijamini of Grise Fiord were selected to create the monument. The monument will be unveiled as part of Nunavut Day 2013 celebrations. Tell us what you are looking for and once a match is found, we will let you know by email. .