According to the 2010 census, children make up about 24% of the UAE`s population. However, statistics on the types of abuse and frequency of child abuse in the UAE are difficult to obtain, mainly due to the fact that the most significant abuses go unreported. In an effort to better align the age of compulsory schooling with that of many other advanced countries around the world, the UAE cabinet passed a new law in July 2012. This law requires Emirati children to start school at the age of 6 and stay in school until they have completed Grade 12 or reach the age of 18, whichever comes first. It establishes the legal rights of minors in the country and protects children, defined as persons under the age of 18, from all types of violence, whether physical, verbal or psychological. “The Child Protection Unit is an extraordinary authority. They go on and it can get to a point where they can take the child away from the parents in case of serious violence,” al Hawary said. In 2006, the UAE Cabinet addressed this issue by asking all federal and local governments with more than 50 UAE employees or, in cases where UAE employees together have more than 20 children, to offer local kindergartens. The law seeks to cooperate with other UAE laws that provide a strong legal framework that governs the rights of the child.
These include laws on criminals, cybernets, minors, employment and marital status, some of which are discussed below. Article 2 sets out the objectives that the authorities of the United Arab Emirates intend to achieve for each child, such as. B their right to a secure life, to development, to freedom and not to be subjected to any kind of abuse or neglect. Article 3 also seeks to protect a child from discriminatory acts based on race, ethnic origin, religion or disability. In addition, the daycare building should be a safe and healthy environment that includes sufficient indoor and outdoor spaces commensurate with the number and age of children. The supplier must ensure safety against indoor and outdoor hazards and ensure that all employees are fully aware of safety requirements and procedures. In most cases of abuse, the perpetrators are family members or close family members. As such, children are afraid and rarely report the crime. Under the new child protection laws, professionals such as teachers, doctors or childminders are required to report any suspected abuse. According to the law, anyone suspected of abuse or neglect must report it to the authorities. The Civil Status Act also stipulates that if funds for the care of a child are insufficient, the country will contribute to these expenses.
The new law confirms this. In November 2019, the Ministry of Education launched a child protection unit made up of specialists who can intervene in cases where children are classified as being at risk of abuse. They also provide support to families and provide education and rehabilitation. An interesting facet of custody in the UAE is the different roles assigned to mothers and fathers, namely the “guardian” or “guardian”. A guardian of a child provides for the child`s financial needs, makes important decisions regarding the child`s education and upbringing, and usually takes care of the child`s affairs. The guardian, on the other hand, takes care of the child`s daily life. The guardian has effective custody of the child on a daily basis and must raise and care for the child. It is possible for a parent to play both roles. Most often, the mother is given custody of the children until a certain age, while the father is always considered a guardian.
However, it is at the discretion of the court to make orders that serve the best interests of the child. According to statistics published on the website of the Ministry of Community Development, the number of kindergartens in the UNITED Arab Emirates in 2014 was 497; They had registered 35,552 children. Article 24 of the Labour Code also provides that a young person may not work in a dangerous or harmful environment that harms the child`s health. Article 4 emphasizes that the protection of the child and the best interests of the child must take precedence in all decisions and proceedings concerning the child. The UAE Supreme Council for Motherhood and Childhood, in collaboration with UNICEF, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Education and Knowledge in Abu Dhabi, has published the Guide for Parents to Fight Bullying (PDF, 120 KB). This guide helps parents recognize if their child is being bullied or bullying others and what can be done to stop them. The Ministry of Education has launched a “Child Protection Unit” initiative for students in public and private schools in the United Arab Emirates. The initiative aims to protect children from all forms of harm, neglect and abuse they may suffer at school or at home, and to maintain their safety in terms of physical, psychological and educational aspects.
The new law stipulates that a child has the right to a formal relationship with his or her legal parents. You can report child abuse to the Ministry of the Interior via the 116111 hotline number or via the website of the Ministry of the Interior`s Child Protection Centre and the “Hemayati” app (in Arabic to protect me) (available for Android and iOS). She said students will be made aware of child protection policy as part of their curriculum. He said teachers pay attention to significant changes in behavior or when a child misbehaves, and alert the school counselor. Federal Law No. 3 of 2016 on the Rights of the Child, also known as the Wadeema Law (PDF, 250 KB), emphasizes that all children must enjoy an adequate standard of living, access to health services, education and equal opportunities in essential services and facilities without any discrimination. .